international convention on information,
communication and electronic technology
Grand Hotel Adriatic Congress Centre and Hotel Admiral,

September 27 - October 1, 2021, Opatija, Croatia



Marina Čičin-Šain (University of Rijeka, Croatia)
Jaak Henno (Tallinn University of Tehnology, Estonia)
Hannu Jaakkola (Tampere University, Pori, Finland)
Snježana Babić (Polytechnic of Rijeka, Croatia)

Steering Committee
Michael E. Auer (Carinthia Tech Institute, Villach, Austria)
Marjan Krašna (University of Maribor, Slovenia)
Duško Lukač (Siegburg, Germany)
Robert Repnik (University of Maribor, Slovenia)
Slavomir Vukmirović (University of Rijeka, Croatia)

Program committee
Lejla Abazi-Bexheti (SEE University, Tetovo, North Macedonia)
Nikola Kadoić (University of Zagreb, Croatia)
Ivan Kaštelan (University of Novi Sad, Serbia)
Mario Konecki (University of Zagreb, Varaždin, Croatia)
Božidar Kovačić (University of Rijeka, Croatia)
Gorana Mudronja (University of Rijeka, Croatia)
Dana Paľová (Technical University of Košice, Slovakia)
Libuša Révészová (Technical University of Košice, Slovakia)
Frano Škopljanac-Mačina (University of Zagreb, Croatia)
Andreja Špernjak (University of Maribor, Slovenia)


Climbing up the Leaderboard: An Empirical Study of Improving Student Outcome by Applying Gamification Principles to an Object-Oriented Programming Course on a University Level
D. Kučak, D. Bele, Đ. Pašić 

Education for Entrepreneurship in Agriculture - Results of the AGRIENT Project Implementation 
F. Urem, I. Kardum Goleš, I. Beljo 

Young Adults` Privacy Concerns about Wearable Technology 
A. Papić, K. Đurđević

Machine Learning vs Human Learning
J. Henno, H. Jaakkola, J. Mäkelä

Shifting Pre-Lab Activity Online for a More Efficient Instructional Engineering Laboratory Session
M. Seničić, V. Šimović, L. Lažeta

Learning Management System as a Tool for Online Knowledge Evaluation in an Engineering Course during the COVID-19 Pandemic 
V. Zuppa Bakša, V. Šimović, T. Đuran

The Effectiveness of the Education in the University Course during and before the Covid- 19 Pandemic 
M. Vejačka, D. Paľová

The Educational Needs of the Alpha Generation
R. Jukić, T. Škojo

Learning Analytics of YouTube Videos Linked to LMS Moodle
N. Kadoić, D. Oreški

Open Educational Resources (OER) as Means of Promotion of Open Education
R. Vrana

The Distance Learning Implications on High School Students
M. Lapi, M. Krašna

Creating Multisensory Learning Experiences That Go beyond the Limitations of Traditional Media
E. Rakovac Bekeš

Using Text Mining to Extract Information from Students’ Lab Assignments
J. Gusić, D. Šimić

Mobile Virtual Reality in Secondary Education: An Exploratory Study in the Course of Biology 
N. Niittymäki, A. Christopoulos, M.-J. Laakso

The Main Issues of the Education Process during the COVID-19 Pandemic at the University Education
D. Paľová, M. Vejačka

Cognitive Painting as a Broadly Applicable Method of Constructing a Positive Cognitive-Emotional Space for Young Children and Adolescents under Conditions of the Coronavirus Pandemic
O.S. Fomichova, V.A. Fomichov

Unity as a Physics Simulator: Calculating Mean Free Path for Hard Disk Gas
V. Krstić, I. Mekterović

Using ICT to Teach Effectively at COVID-19 
A. Špernjak

Preparation of Future Specialists in Physical Culture and Sports for the Use of Digital Health Technologies in Professional Activity 
S. Lazorenko, T. Loza, I. Samokhvalova, E. Khomenko, N. Oliinyk

Online Training during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Analysis of Opinions of Practicing Teachers in Ukraine 
Y. Rudenko, A. Rozumenko, T. Kryvosheya, O. Karpenko, O. Semenikhina 

Improvement of Teacher Qualification in the Field of Computer Animation: Training or Master Class? 
A. Yurchenko, V. Shamonia, O. Udovychenko, R. Momot, O. Semenikhina 

Attitudes of Students, Future Teachers, to the Importance of Using Media in Teaching
P. Pejić Papak, J. Mezak

Project “Algorithmic Thinking Skills through Play-Based Learning for Future`s Code Literates”
L. Jančec, L. Vujičić

Students’ Transition from High School to University in COVID-19 Constrained Education
I. Pesek, M. Krašna, T. Bratina

Open-Source Intelligence as the New Introduction in the Graduate Cybersecurity Curriculum
V. Kolar, D. Delija, G. Sirovatka

Software for Writing Online Exam with Video and Audio Surveillance - Cheatless
J. Đurić, A. Mahmutović

Computer Probabilistic Models Construction and Analysis of Professional Activity of Their Use by Ukrainian Mathematics Teachers 
M.G. Drushlyak, I.V. Shishenko, N.S. Borozenets, K.M. Nekyslykh, O. Semenikhina

Using ICT in Generating Motivation for Foreign Language Learning: from Traditional to Virtual Classroom 
P. Cuculić

Emotional Understanding Skills Training Using Educational Computer Game in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) – Case Study
M. Stankova, P.Mihova, T. Kamenski, K. Mehandzhiyska

Development of New Complementary Metrics for the Authenticity of Student Papers
M. Sokele, S. Morić, V. Zuppa Bakša

Design and Evaluation of a Deep Learning Powered Image Regression Sensor for Control Engineering Applications
L. Hundgeburth, H. Liechtenecker, W. Werth

Arduino Platform as Learning Tool in High School and College Education 
B. Balon, J. Đurić, M. Simić

The Satisfaction of Primary School Teachers with the Introduction and Use of MS Teams in Distance Education
B. Marčinković, B. Aberšek, I. Pesek

Gender Differences in Ambition Level and Career Aspirations among Students 
G. Prpić, M. Vuković, T. Babić

Comparison of Students’ Motivation for Programming Computer Game and Educational Robot Using the Game of Marbles
I. Kunović, A. Sović Kržić

The Importance of Synchronous Online Learning for Student Success in Exams
M. Sokele, S. Morić, T. Alajbeg, F. Brkić 

Learning Topic “Safe Internet” in Low Secondary School through Games 
D. Tuparova, G. Tuparov, K. Mehandzhiyska

User Interfaces for Browsing the Online Catalogues of Museums and Cultural Heritage Institutions: Preliminary Research on Mapping of Subject Access Points 
G. Zlodi, I. Majer, L. Biličić

Research on Gamer Motivation Factors Based on the Gamer Motivation Model Framework 
M. Vigato, T. Babić 

Discovering the Old Dubrovnik Cathedrals: Stone Fragments Analysis, Cataloguing and Structured Terminology Development in Digital Environment 
G. Zlodi, M. Zeman, A. Marinković, M.M. Marušić 

Lessons from Developing and Delivering an Artificial Intelligence Course during the Covid-19 Pandemic
B. Debić, K. Aleksić-Maslać, P. Vranešić

EduScrum Method for Teaching Programming Microcontroller Arduino 
P. Voštinár

The Cost of Open-Access Publishing in an Engineering Academic Community: A Study of Zagreb Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing 
M. Tucaković, B. Marijanović, J. Petrak

Instagram as Emotional and Intellectual Motivation for Understanding Sections of Printed and Digital Magazines
D. Vincek

The Impact of Internet Usage on Pupils Internet Safety in Primary and Secondary School
M. Gaborov, M. Kavalić, D. Karuović, D. Glušac, M. Nikolić

Knowledge Transfer through Recognition and Implementation of the Transformational Team Member Role
T. Babić, Z. Musa

The Relationship between Students` Evaluation of Teachers` Performance Quality and Students’ Satisfaction with Online Live Model of Teaching 
T. Babić, S. Grgić, Z. Kunić

The Quality Assurance System and Teacher Support for the Online Live Model of Teaching during the Covid-19 Pandemic 
T. Babić, S. Grgić

Organizing Online Exams during the COVID-19 Pandemic
F. Škopljanac-Mačina, I. Zakarija, B. Blašković

‘CodeInnova’ Teaching Programming in Primary School
B. Klimczuk, B. Denys, I. Ružić 

Use of Augmented Reality in Teaching Management of Anaphylactic Shock to Family Doctors
Š. Tevžič, Z. Klemenc Ketiš, A. Poplas Susič, U. Zafošnik, P. Selič, Š. Mirošević, N. Ružić Gorenjec

Perceived Quality of Software Used for Distance Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic
T. Orehovački, S. Babić, D. Etinger

Use of Computer Vision Based Hand Tracking in Educational Environments
V. Križnar, M. Leskovšek, B. Batagelj

Research on Students’ Opinion on the Method of Presenting Teaching Materials
T. Mladenova, Y. Kalmukov, I. Valova

Digital Transformation in Covid-19 Pandemic – What We Learned and How to Utilize What Was Learned
M. Odak, A. Miljko, T. Papac

VARs/AVARs in Croatian Top Division (1. HNL) and Major League Soccer: Experiences with VAR System
D. Vučkov, S. Babić

Decision Making Styles in Higher Education Institutions: Systematic Literature Review 
L. Zlatić, B. Šlibar, N. Begičević Ređep

Inclusive Higher Education during the Covid-19 Pandemic
K. Zdravkova, V. Krasniqi

Automatic, Configurable and Partial Assessment of Student SQL Queries with Joins and Groupings 
G. Đambić, M. Fabijanić, A. Lokas Ćošković

A Blended Learning with Gamification Approach for Teaching Programming Courses in Higher Education 
G. Đambić, T. Keščec, D. Kučak 

Using Digital Tools for Gamification in Schools
A. Vrcelj, N. Hoić-Božić, M. Holenko Dlab

Development of Measurement Systems with the BBC Micro:bit
P. Bernad, D. Šic, R. Repnik, D. Osrajnik

From Mobile Learning to Mobile Research
T.S. Georgiev

Individual, Cooperative and Collaborative Learning and Students’ Perceptions of Their Impact on Their Own Study Performance
T. Babić, L. Kolar, M. Miličević

Programming and Mathematics through Game
S. Babić, D. Bjelanović, M. Čičin-Šain

Izazovi i poteškoće tijekom nastave na daljinu
A. Vragović 

Uloga informacijsko-komunikacijskih tehnologija na ishode učenja u nastavi Tjelesne i zdravstvene kulture 
I. Dubovečak

Dugoročnost primjene informacijsko komunikacijske tehnologije na uspjeh u nastavi matematike 
T. Pavičić Zajec, T. Ređep

Planiranje, provedba i evaluacija velikih projekata na primjeru projekta Drvokod
B. Raičković, B. Musović

Promethee metoda i alati kognitivne kibernetike za inteligentne sustave
Z. Balaž, A. Jelić

Projektno učenje kao prediktor akademskog postignuća u nastavi matematike 
R. Soldo, N. Maras

Multidisciplinarna implementacija umjetne inteligencije u sustav osnovnoškolskog obrazovanja
D. Kager

Od projektne nastave s Arduinom do modela pametne kuće
E. Krelja Kurelović, M. Jerončić, J. Tomljanović

Primjena Riskmanagenable softvera u nastavi kolegija Vođenje projekata i dokumentacija
K. Šamec, M. Nikitović, A. Mahmutović

Objektno orijentiran koncept programiranja u interaktivnom grafičkom okruženju
M. Božurić, R. Bogut, J. Lozar

Korištenje informatičkih tehnologija u srednjoškolskoj nastavi fizike 
M. Novaković

Riznica kreativne međunarodne suradnje u Erasmus projektima školskog partnerstva 
M. Mirković

ARTIE: Umjetna inteligencija u osnovnoškolskom obrazovanju - izazovi i mogućnosti novog doba: razvoj kurikuluma, priručnika za učitelje i obrazovnih materijala za učenike u osnovnoškolskom obrazovanju
I. Ružić, S. Stričak

Primjena kviza u nastavi matematike
M. Škarica, M. Ašenbrener Katić, V. Miletić

Digitalne učeničke mape na from.hr domeni
K. Maček Blažeka

Govor tijela prilikom razgovora za posao
M. Bilić, T. Babić

Mogućnosti primjene računalnih oblaka u obrazovanju
M. Šitum 

Nastava na daljinu uporabom OneNotea i Teamsa
D. Vrbanc

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